First things first, what exactly are Biotics?

Biotic is defined as anything relating to living organisms. It is often used to explain influencing factors or conditions in the environment of a living organism, that are caused by another living organism or biological entity. In our case, let's talk about the different consumable biotics that aid the body.

Probiotics: 

Probiotics are live microorganisms that claim to provide health benefits when consumed, generally by improving or restoring the gut flora. Probiotics are beneficial due to the multiple positive effects from the bacteria-host interaction.

Prebiotics:

Prebiotics are compounds in food that induce the growth or activity of beneficial microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. The most common example is in the gastrointestinal tract, where prebiotics feed your own probiotics. 

Postbiotics:

Postbiotics are dead microbes and/or their components that provide numerous health benefits on the host without the need to change your microbiota.
The Y Skin formula is a postbiotic that contains components from a probiotic Bifidobacterium involved in communication with the immune system, aiming to provide benefits such as improved immune fitness, better gut health and a holistic improvement in the body. 

Antibiotics:

Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight certain infections and can save lives when used properly. They either stop bacteria from reproducing or destroy them before they can multiply and cause symptoms. The immune system can typically kill them too. White blood cells (WBCs) attack harmful bacteria and, even if symptoms do occur, the immune system can usually cope and fight off the infection. Sometimes, however, the number of harmful bacteria is excessive, and the immune system is not fit enough to fight them all. Antibiotics are useful in this scenario.

Synbiotic:

A synbiotic is defined as a “mixture of probiotics and prebiotics that beneficially affects the host by improving the survival and activity of beneficial microorganisms in the gut.”

 

Biotics and other functional foods are now being considered important tools to help maintaining humans and animals in good health, for prevention of disease, and/or as alternatives for reducing the risk associated with diseases. Studies conducted on the relationship of the microbiota of human gut and animal gut and immunology have highlighted the role of biotics in the health of mammals. There is growing evidence to suggest that biotics influence the microbial ecology of the intestines of humans and animals and play a role in alleviating various ailments.

 

 

So how do The Y Collection postbiotics work?

The Y Collection postbiotics are active ingredients from a probiotic Bifidobacterium. These ingredients are a class of molecules involved in a communication with the immune system. We produce them in abudance when we are young because we then have a lot of Bifidobacteria but unfortunatelly, we lose them as we age.

These active ingredients support gut barrier and prevent the entry of inflammatory stimuli, which is the number one reason for accelerated ageing. They increase our immune resilience and enhance gut function by reproducing the impact of a youthful beneficial microbiota.

Where can you find Biotics?

Many fermented foods and beverages are incredibly nutritious, delicious additions to your daily diet. The distinction is that they are not necessarily reliable sources of beneficial, effective, and live bacteria in adequate amounts.

Why should I take biotics?

This goes way beyond digestive health. Your body is complex and interconnected, and the gastrointestinal system sits at the core of it all. It is connected to and influences everything from gut and immune function to cardiovascular, brain and skin health. So, while gut health benefits are often the most immediate, localized, and conspicuous, biotics can have powerful effects across the entire body. As our mindset shifts from sick care to self-care, we have become more intentional about our diet, nutrition, exercise, and lifestyle. However, we now know that beneficial microbes and their components also offer new tools to preventively and proactively care for our whole selves.

Are live bacterial supplements (probiotics) better?

There isn't a harsh line dividing which type of supplement is more beneficial to the body. Generally speaking, probiotics that contain 10-15 billion CFU of lactobacilli and/or bifidobacteria and have been well reserached in clinical studies are good to support a healthy lifestyle. However, finding the one that works for you can be a bit of a hit and a miss trial because we are all very different and so are our microbiomes that probiotics aim to modify.

What are other alternatives?

You can feed your own probiotics with foods that contain prebiotic ingredients (eg raw: garlic, chicory root, asparagus) or with prebiotic supplements (eg fructo-oligosaccharides and galacto-oligosaccharides). However, this approach requires you to already have a balanced and diverse microbiome as otherwise you may be feeding wrong microbes and experiencing gut symptoms. You can improve your microbiome diversity by including fermented foods (eg yogurt, kimchi). Additionally, your overall lifestyle should include as much fun, relaxation, sleep and moderate activity as possible, to achieve an overall balanced gut health.

How do I know what biotics are beneficial?

This is the tricky bit, as one's healthy microbiome is not neccessarily healthy in another person. The answers lie in strain specificity. Bifidobacterium is called a genus, a ‘group.’ Think back to taxonomy mnemonics from middle school biology (King Phillip Came Over for Good Soup = Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species) and recall that genus is followed by species. Within the Bifidobacterium genus, we have species like Bifidobacterium breve or Bifidobacterium lactis. There is more. Within each species of bacteria, there can also be hundreds or thousands of strains. Strain specificity is very important when it comes to your probiotic, supplements or foods. Here is an example:
Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 is a non-pathogenic bacterial strain of the infamous E. coli family that has been extensively studied for its beneficial effects on gastrointestinal disorders. Meanwhile, E. coli O157:H7 (a strain designation) is responsible for hemorrhagic diarrhea and abdominal cramps, leading to kidney failure and death.

The answer becomes simpler if we deliver the active ingredients of well studied probiotics in a form that doesn't rely on the existing microbiota or lifestyle.

Y-Skin contains active ingredients from Bifidobacterium breve which are scientifically proven to reinforce gut barrier, the immune system and the Gut-Skin Axis.